As promised I have made a map of all the water features in the Netherlands. Water has always been an important force in our countries history. Ever since the Watersnoodramp in 1953 (a major flooding disaster which killed almost 2000 people and destroyed the homes of over 100,000 people) the Dutch have been trying to protect themselves from the water. This is however a strange contradiction to their need of the sea and rivers. As a quintessential trade nation these are resources that cannot be ignored. Throughout the years the Dutch have thus dug and used a lot of rivers to travel on, and at the same time built a lot of dykes to keep that same water out. The how to for the map is the same as the previous blog, so I won’t go in to detail here. However I was not able to upload a deep zoom image yet, because I have had some compatibility issues with Gigapan and Zoom.it.
I’ll try to offer some insights of my own in this post and also give you the opportunity to explore on your own here (full resolution).
I’ll try to highlight some interesting places and features in the map, some of which I had never heard of or seen before. Maybe superfluous to mention this, but in the maps water is blue and land is white. Below is an overview with the numbered locations.
1. Maasvlakte en Brielle
This is a cut out of the new Maasvlakte harbor of Rotterdam. Obviously it is manmade. The interesting thing is that within this image there is a second obvious manmade water feature, namely the moat of Brielle which was part of the fortification constructed as early as 1713.
2. Maas Northern Limburg
This is a particular bendy part of the Maas, since this river is used for a lot of trade a new (straight) canal was dug out in 1972. It has a length of around 9 km. The parting of the river can be seen most easily at the Northern part of the river.
3. Vinkeveense Plassen
This interesting pattern was made by the extraction of peat (Dutch word: Veen) over many years. The peat was used to warm the houses of Amsterdam. Eventually these little canals linked up and started to form lakes, the Vinkeveense Plassen are now a popular watersports destination, mostly because it is located close to the major cities.
This was a place that really caught my eye… A perfectly circular lake in the middle of another lake. From above it looks like a drainage point for the lake, however this doesn’t make any sense. It turns out that the circular lake in the middle is called Ijsseloog. This lake was made as a silt deposit. It is literally a dump place for the filthiest soil inside the lake (and other places). It has the capacity to hold 20 million cubic meters of silt.
So these were the first things that I found. Have fun exploring the map, and be sure to compare it to the All streets map I made before!
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